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Egyptian Gods Family Tree: Who is Who?

  • 13 min read

Have you ever wondered how the Egyptian gods were connected?

From major gods like Osiris and Isis, to minor gods like Horus and Nephthys, the ancient Egyptians believed in a complex family tree of gods.

This article will explore the intricate family tree of the Egyptian gods and their roles in ancient religion.

Key Takeaways

  • The Egyptian gods family tree includes major gods like Ra and Isis, as well as minor gods like Horus and Nephthys.
  • Each god and goddess has unique characteristics and powers.
  • The gods and goddesses provide guidance, protection, and strength.
  • The relationships between the gods and goddesses were integral to ancient Egyptian society.


Gaining an understanding of the Egyptian gods family tree requires an overview of the various gods, goddesses, and their relationships with one another.

This family tree includes the most important gods and goddesses of the ancient Egyptian pantheon, such as Ra, the sun god, who is the father of all gods, and Isis, the mother goddess, who is the mother of all gods.

The other gods and goddesses such as Horus, Osiris, Hathor, Anubis, Thoth, and Sobek are the siblings of Ra and Isis. Each of these gods and goddesses has their own unique characteristics and powers, which were used for various purposes.

The gods and goddesses are also associated with different aspects of life, such as protection, fertility, and knowledge.

The gods and goddesses in the Egyptian gods family tree can be seen as a representation of the complexities of life. They provide guidance, protection, and strength to those who seek it.

Ancient Gods

Dating back to the ancient times, the Egyptian gods family tree is composed of various gods, goddesses, and their relationships with one another. Ancient Egyptians believed in a multitude of deities, each with their own unique powers and roles in their pantheon.

The most prominent of these gods and goddesses were Ra, the sun god; Osiris, the god of the afterlife; and Isis, the goddess of magic and fertility. Other important gods included Horus, the god of kingship; Thoth, the god of knowledge; and Hathor, the goddess of love and beauty.

Each deity was worshipped in their own unique way, with temples and shrines built to honor their presence. Ancient Egyptians believed that the gods and goddesses were responsible for the creation and maintenance of the world, and so they were seen as the protectors of their people.

The family tree of the Egyptian gods was an important part of the ancient Egyptian culture, and the relationships between the gods and goddesses were seen as an integral part of their society.

Major Gods

The major gods of the Egyptian pantheon include Ra, the sun god; Osiris, the god of the afterlife; and Isis, the goddess of magic and fertility.

Ra was believed to be the creator of the universe and the most powerful of all gods, while Osiris was the ruler of the underworld and was associated with fertility and resurrection.

Isis was the goddess of motherhood, fertility, and healing, and was one of the most popular gods in the Egyptian pantheon.

The gods Horus and Anubis were also important in Egyptian mythology, as they were associated with protection, justice, and the afterlife.

Additionally, Hathor was the goddess of love, music, and beauty, and was often depicted as a cow or a woman with cow horns.

Finally, Set was the god of chaos and storms, and was often seen as an antagonist to the other gods.

These gods played an important role in the lives of the ancient Egyptians, providing protection, guidance, and a connection to the divine.

Minor Gods

The Egyptian pantheon includes many minor gods, such as Osiris, Isis, Horus, Anubis, Bastet, Nephthys, and Set. These gods are linked together in a complex family tree, and have a variety of roles and powers in the ancient Egyptian culture.

Understanding the relationships between these gods is essential for a comprehensive study of Egyptian mythology.

Osiris, Isis, Horus

Nestled between the ancient gods Ra and Seth, Osiris, Isis, and Horus were important minor gods in the traditional Egyptian pantheon. These gods were often associated with the cycles of nature, such as death and rebirth, and were sometimes referred to as the ‘Trinity’.

Osiris was the god of the underworld and afterlife, Isis was the goddess of motherhood and fertility, and Horus was the god of the sky and protection. All three were revered for their powers, which could be used to bring order to chaos and help the people of Egypt.

The gods were seen as symbols of freedom and justice, and their stories inspired many moral lessons. They were also used to illustrate the importance of understanding the cycle of life, as Osiris represented death, Isis represented life, and Horus represented rebirth. These gods were also seen as a representation of the balance between good and evil, with Osiris being the good and Seth the evil.

Their influence can still be seen today in popular culture, from books and movies to artifacts and sculptures. They are an integral part of the ancient Egyptian culture, and their stories can still teach us about the importance of respecting nature, understanding the cycle of life, and finding balance in the universe.

  • Osiris as the god of the underworld & afterlife
  • Isis as the goddess of motherhood & fertility
  • Horus as the god of the sky & protection
  • Representing the balance between good & evil

Anubis, Bastet

Among the lesser-known gods of the Egyptian pantheon are Anubis and Bastet, who were often associated with the afterlife and protection, respectively. Anubis is the god of the dead and the afterlife and is commonly depicted as a jackal or a man with a jackal head. He is responsible for guiding the deceased to judgment and protecting them on their journey to the afterlife.

Bastet, on the other hand, is a goddess of protection, joy, and music. She is often depicted as a cat or a woman with a cat’s head and is believed to protect against danger and disease.

Both gods are important figures in the ancient Egyptian culture and have been worshipped for centuries. They are still revered in modern times and can be seen in many works of art and literature.

Nephthys, Set

Nephthys and Set are two lesser-known gods in the Egyptian pantheon, both associated with protection and power. Nephthys is the goddess of the home, a guardian of the dead, and a protector of the weak. Set is the god of chaos and storms, a bringer of destruction and a defender of chaos. They share a strong connection, both as siblings in the Ennead of Heliopolis and as husband and wife in other myths.

Their combined power provides a balance that is both protective and stormy, allowing for both peace and destruction. They embody the dual nature of life, representing the necessity of both order and chaos.

Nephthys is seen as a maternal figure, a goddess of protection and safety. Set is a god of chaos, destruction, and storms. They are siblings in the Ennead of Heliopolis. They are also husband and wife in some myths.

The symbolism of Nephthys and Set offers insight into the duality of life, and how the two sides must exist in harmony. Their unique combination of power serves as a bridge to the subsequent discussion of Osiris.


Osiris was an Egyptian god of the afterlife and the underworld, and was an important figure in ancient Egyptian mythology. He was regarded as the god of resurrection and regeneration, and was believed to have the power to grant eternal life to his followers.

He was also responsible for the yearly flooding of the Nile, which was essential for fertility in the region.

Osiris’s Role

Frequently worshipped as the lord of the underworld, Osiris is one of the most important gods of the Egyptian pantheon. He was venerated as a god of fertility, rebirth, and resurrection. His role was to bring order to the chaos of the world and to ensure justice was served. He was responsible for the cycle of life and death, and his death and resurrection were celebrated in the Egyptian Mysteries.

Osiris was seen as a symbol of hope and renewal, and he was venerated as a god of:

-Justice and divine order
-Rebirth and regeneration
-Fertility and abundance
-The cycle of life and death

Osiris’s Powers

In addition to his role in the cycle of life and death, Osiris was also believed to possess powerful magical abilities, such as the ability to control the elements, influence the weather, and heal the sick. He used his powers to protect the innocent, punish wrongdoing, and help those in need. His power was so great that some believed he could raise the dead and even bring the dead back to life.

Osiris was a symbol of justice and mercy, and his power was a source of hope for many in ancient Egypt. He was seen as a protector of the people and their land, and his powers were seen as a source of strength and comfort for the people.

Power Meaning
Control Elements Protect innocent
Influence Weather Punish wrongdoing
Heal Sick Help those in need
Raise Dead Source of hope
Bring Back to Life Source of strength & comfort


Immortality is associated with the Egyptian goddess Isis. She is the daughter of Nut and Geb, the sister and wife of the god Osiris, and the mother of the god Horus. Isis is associated with many aspects of life, including healing, magic, and protection. Her titles include ‘Mistress of Heaven’, ‘Goddess of Magic’, and ‘Queen of the Gods’.

Isis is a goddess of many powers and attributes:

  • She is the goddess of motherhood and nurturance, protecting and caring for her family and children.
  • She is a goddess of magic and healing, with a vast knowledge of magical spells and potions.
  • She is a goddess of wisdom and knowledge, with the ability to see into the future and reveal secrets.
  • She is a goddess of love and fertility, with the power to bring abundance and prosperity to her people.

Isis is a powerful goddess, representing strength, resilience, and grace. She is an inspiring figure, teaching us to be compassionate and loving towards ourselves and others. As a powerful protector of her family and children, she provides an example of courage and fortitude in the face of adversity.


The god Horus, son of Isis and Osiris, is the god of the sky, war, and protection. He has been revered in Egypt since the pre-dynastic period and has been depicted in various forms. Horus is usually depicted as a falcon-headed man wearing a crown with a cobra or a sun disk. He is associated with the sun, the ruler of the sky, and justice. Horus is also known as the avenger of his father, Osiris, and is closely linked with kingship and the protection of the Pharaohs.

Horus is the son of Isis and Osiris, the first King of Egypt. He was born to avenge the death of his father, Osiris, who was killed by his brother Set. After Isis brought Osiris back to life, Horus was born and he was declared the rightful heir to the throne. Horus fought a battle against Set to avenge his father, and in the end, Horus won and restored the throne to Osiris.

Characteristic Symbolism
Sky Ruler of the sky
War Protection of the Pharaohs
Protection Justice

Horus is also closely linked to the Eye of Horus, an ancient Egyptian symbol of protection, royal power, and good health. The Eye of Horus is a combination of the Eye of Ra and the Eye of Horus, which was believed to bring luck and protect the Pharaohs. Horus was also associated with other gods, such as Ra, Anubis, and Thoth.


Nephthys was an ancient Egyptian goddess and the sister of Isis and Osiris. She was a protector of the dead and a guardian of the tombs. She was also associated with the moon, and her name is believed to mean ‘lady of the house’. Nephthys was a shape-shifter and could appear in the form of a bird or reptile.

Nephthys was thought to have a strong connection to the afterlife. She was known to comfort the dead and provide them with sustenance and protection. Her ability to travel between the living and the dead made her a powerful intermediary between the two realms.

Nephthys was also associated with fertility and childbirth. She was believed to help women through difficult pregnancies and childbirths. She was also seen as a protector of the home, and some believed that she could bring harmony to the household.

Some of the symbols associated with Nephthys are the vulture, the kite, and the scorpion. She was also sometimes depicted with wings, a headdress, and a staff. In some representations, she is seen with Isis and Osiris.

Nephthys was a powerful goddess who was associated with death, the afterlife, fertility, and childbirth. She was a protector of the dead, a guardian of the tombs, and a bringer of harmony to the home. Her symbols, such as the vulture, the kite, and the scorpion, were associated with her power and her ability to travel between the living and the dead.

Frequently Asked Questions

What Are the Cultural and Religious Implications of the Egyptian Gods?

The Egyptian gods are deeply intertwined with the culture and religion of the ancient Egyptians. They were seen as symbols of power and protection, and their worship was an integral part of daily life. They were also used to explain the natural phenomena and moral values of the time.

How Have the Egyptian Gods Been Depicted in Popular Culture?

With a wry smile, we must admit that the Egyptian gods have been a popular source of entertainment, from film to comics. They’ve been depicted as both larger than life figures and as ordinary people, inspiring freedom and giving us a taste of their divinity.

How Has the Importance of the Gods Changed Over Time?

The importance of the gods in Egyptian culture has shifted over time, from being the most powerful force to more of a spiritual guide. Beliefs have evolved and their power has diminished, yet they still are an integral part of the culture.

How Did the Individual Gods Interact With Each Other?

The Egyptian gods interacted with each other like members of an extended family, with complex relationships and rivalries. They often fought and argued, but also supported and protected each other. These interactions were integral to the ancient Egyptian culture and beliefs, as they were believed to influence the lives of humans.

What Are the Differences Between Egyptian Gods and Other Pantheons?

Egyptian gods differ from other pantheons in many ways, most notably in their number, complexity, and interactions. Egyptian gods were numerous and often had multiple roles, while those of other pantheons were fewer and more specialized. Interactions between the gods were also more complex, with many alliances and rivalries.

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